and/or photographs for Sam Doner, Chester Howard, George Key,
Frederick Moss and Charlie Pollard. Please submit to
Survived Tuskegee Study
By Associated Press, 1/21/2004
OPELIKA, Ala. -- Ernest Hendon, at 96 the last living survivor
of the infamous Tuskegee syphilis study, died on Friday, the lawyer who
represented the plaintiffs in a lawsuit said in a statement. Mr.
Hendon was one of 623 men who unwittingly participated in the experiment by
the US Public Health Service to examine the effects of untreated syphilis
on a group of Macon County black men from 1932 to 1972. The men were not
told they had the disease and in 1972 filed a federal suit. The government
agreed to provide free medical care and $9 million in payments to the
victims and their families. In 1997, President Bill Clinton
the study participants. Mr. Hendon did not attend the ceremony, but
observed the apology over a special satellite feed to Tuskegee.
© Copyright 2004 Globe Newspaper Company.
Pollard died in the Spring of 2000.
Fred Simmons' death leaves only four Study survivors
The ranks of survivors of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study dwindled to only four this past week
with the death of 102 year old Fred Simmons of Tuskegee.
A small man--about 5 ft 4 and 100 lb--Simmons was noted for his engaging personality and
being feisty. When he and four other survivors of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study
went to Washington DC in 1997 to accept an apology from President Clinton for their
mistreatment, Simmons flew for the first time. He was 100 years old--and President Clinton
noted that in speech. Only Charlie Pollard and Frederick Moss of the five survivors who
made the trip to the White House for the apology are still alive. Herman Shaw, the group's
spokesman, Chester Howard, and now Simmons, have died since the apology.
In addition to Pollard of Notasulga, the lead plaintiff in a lawsuit against the US
government for the study, and Moss of Tuskegee (Magnolia Nursing Home), Ernest Hendon of
Union Springs and George Key of Massachusetts survive. The death of Simmons' grandson,
Michael Simmons, a year ago seemed to pull Simmons down from a health standpoint. His
grandson was his escort for the trip to the White House. They walked everywhere because
Mr. Simmons refused to use the wheelchair they provided. Michael was killed in a horseback
Simmons had 19 children--nine of whom are still living. He
is also survived by 43 grandchildren, 31 g-grandchildren and 30 gg-grandchildren. He died
Saturday, Feb 5, 2000 at East Alabama Medical Center from a combination of heart and
kidney failure. The funeral service for Mr. Simmons will be at 2 p.m. Saturday, Feb. 12
from Mt. Pleasant Baptist Church with Pastor Steve Carson officiating. Burial will be in
the church cemetery. Burton's Funeral Home is directing.
The Tuskegee News, February 2000
A resident of Tallassee, died Monday, Dec. 3,
1999. Funeral services were Saturday, Dec. 18, from New Adka Baptist Church, Dadeville,
with Rev. Fielder officiating. Burial followed in Reeltown Cemetery with McKenzie's
Funeral Home staff directing. Survivors include one daughter, Mary E. Mullins, Tuskegee,
five grandchildren, Daryll Shaw, Chattanooga, TN; Garrett Randy Mullins, Livermore, CA;
Vale Shaw Bills, Nina Warren and Gigi Owens, all of Gadsden,, and special nephew, Johnny
Frank Shaw, Tallassee.
Mr. Shaw was one of the last remaining survivors of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Only five
remain now. He was selected to be the
spokesman for the survivors who attended a White House ceremony in May of 1997 when
President Bill Clinton apologized to the survivors and descendants of survivors for the
U.S. government's role in the study. Mr. Shaw introduced President Clinton and made some
stirring remarks on behalf of those who had participated in the study.
When President Clinton apologized on behalf of the nation, only eight participants of the
study that lasted 40 years and had ended 25 years earlier were still alive. Now there are
only five - Fred Simmons, Charlie Pollard, Ernest Hendon, Frederic Moss and George Key.
All are in their 90s with the exception of Mr. Simmons who is 102.
Passed away since that warm day (May 16, 1997) are Carter Howard, Sam Doner and just last
week, Herman Shaw.
The Tuskegee News, December 23, 1999
Faces of Tuskegee
Internet resources on the Tuskegee on the Tuskegee Study